it Aug 21, 2019 . to instore The better way to think about it is that, especially at the enterprise level, most companies that are adopting cloud are moving from something they had before—physical servers or something. it vendors Social What is Multi-Cloud & Why are Companies Adopting it? National pillars You may unsubscribe at any time. is And so you’re immediately in a multi or at least hybrid cloud environment. on it but Most companies will have more than one cloud provider, so why do they struggle to evaluate them? Building effective multi-cloud strategies requires companies to identify which workloads are suitable for the public cloud and which are better run in a private cloud, said IDC. Enterprise cloud adoption outstrips cybersecurity capabilitiesA new report suggests that SaaS adoption is outpacing the ability to protect enterprise networks in cloud environments. is Financial terms were not disclosed. Mirantis ... What is AI? in Multi-cloud management market is expected to reach $6,816.5 million by 2023, it was valued at $1,198.4 million in 2016. highly-secure And so the multi-cloud will find you. Armon: And that’s where people are talking about things like data gravity. Element Analytics launches Unify, aims to solve data issues in industrial IoT. evolution called They all have similar IaaS services, and they’re all catching up on some of the higher-level stuff. And so that’s one of the reasons. The company offers private, public, and hybrid cloud deployment. Of the 1,016 executives from 19 different industries surveyed, about two-thirds (66 percent) said multicloud is crucial to reducing costs. Analytics The Veritas survey also showed companies that invested in security during the … Complex multi-cloud solutions made simple. And then the last reason really is just enabling your teams to use best-of-breed services. as Adobe I love working with architects and other CTOs who thrive on solving hard problems. Traffic portability, if you have copies running in multiple clouds, you just do traffic shaping, it’s relatively achievable. This term seems relatively self explanatory: deploy cloud infrastructure on more than one public cloud provider, with or without an existing private cloud. The multi-cloud approach is a type of hybrid cloud architecture, hosting services across multiple cloud providers. The Saguna Edge Cloud creates edge-cloud-computing environments inside the access network that let 5G features function over existing 4G settings. But IDC found that only nine percent of European organisations can be considered multi-cloud ready ('Pathfinders'), with the vast majority still stuck in the transition process from hybrid cloud environments ('Pedestrians' and 'Travelers'). And for a CFO or management, a free couple million dollars is pretty hard to say no to. clouds for That’s a common sentiment, and you gave a really good answer: Maybe you don’t choose multi-cloud; multi-cloud chooses you. also Whether it's through acquisition, siloed departments, shadow IT, or cost savings, most enterprises of significant size will eventually end up in a multi-cloud operating environment. commerce, clouds, When you say “multi-cloud” to a room of people, usually there’s a handful of people who have totally different thoughts of what multi-cloud is. Steve Ranger build from Companies are in urgent need of a hybrid cloud architecture to manage the complexity brought by the multi-cloud," he said. Another reason is acquisitions. "While the perception of multi-cloud infrastructure as an end goal certainly resonates with European organizations, there remains uncertainty over what a multi-cloud strategy looks like and how this strategy should be disseminated within an organization," said Michael Ceroici, research analyst for European multi-cloud infrastructure, at IDC. That’s unrealistic, practically. The use of public clouds continues to grow dramatically in all organizations. The way I look at those is: Workload portability is the idea that you write your app once and run it anywhere. There are fear-based reasons and practical reasons. expressions for of adoption paper-based Only a small minority of European organisations have made much progress in creating a strategy to deal with juggling multiplecloud computing vendors. information of ... Adobe's Document Cloud gunning for DocuSign, digital workflows. It’s easy to take a 100,000-foot view and say, “Hey, they kind of all offer the same thing.”, But I think what we see in practice is there’s really good data services in Google, and so you’re going to have a data team that’s like, “Maybe I want to go leverage that because I’m sort of isolated from the rest of the business. Element ... Microsoft launches COVID-19 vaccine-management platform. Our Customer is one of the largest multi-national Pharmaceutical companies headquartered in Europe. What is cloud computing? Adobe | Topic: Cloud. So I think at a 100,000-foot view, maybe you don’t see the differentiation, but when you zoom in, it’s there, and in practice the practitioners will find it and use it. transformation, counting Privacy Policy | But at least when that goes from n = 1 to n = 2, you’re way better equipped to handle it. And that’s very difficult to achieve, because you want to integrate with these high-level services that a cloud provider provides. there's on Also see: Top Cloud Computing Companies. few ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. hard takes So the same app you write for one cloud could just run anywhere. only And that experience of this 800-person company having to suddenly deal with going from n = 1 to n = 2 is extremely violent. by adding ... "Through use of the hybrid cloud platform, companies … (Reasons vary widely, the effect has been the same. Will enterprises repeat the same lock-in mistakes made in the big enterprise software era? Document The question is whether there's room for another enterprise chat platform after Salesforce's acquisition of Slack. the And you don’t want to dilute the cloud to the least common denominator. metadata, And they’re now big enough to buy companies, and they’re buying a company that’s on Azure or something. Australian intelligence community seeking to build a top-secret cloud. it's And you can call it multi-cloud or call it hybrid cloud, but the challenges you have are pretty much the same. Data portability you almost never see in practice. Mitchell: The last one is traffic portability, which is pretty real. omni-channel years Multi-cloud. Orchestrate the delivery of infrastructure and applications across multiple physical and cloud servers, automate application deployment and manage lifecycles with ease, and maximize your cloud investments with advanced analytic tools that help scale your business rapidly and efficiently. on If your company decides to buy another company, and you’re on one cloud vendor and the company you’re buying is on another, the company’s not going to cancel the acquisition. As the Chief Technology Officer of a company in the revolutionary market of containers focused on the transformational segment of cloud native storage, I spend my time working with bleeding edge early adopters. of making The cloud has been around long enough now that there are cloud-first startups that are becoming public companies. Discover our latest Webinars and Workshops, Join us to build industry-leading open source tools and enterprise products, Unlocking the Cloud Operating Model with Microsoft Azure, Automating Application Delivery in the Cloud Operating Model with F5. to In the pursuit to promote organization-wide agility and build disruptive solutions to maintain its market-leading position, Customer adopted multi-cloud services commerce years More than 80% of companies use a multi-cloud strategy, typically comprised of a hybrid cloud model which relies on public and private clouds, according to Rightscale's 2018 State of the Cloud. Armon: That that seems fair. The global multi-cloud management market is dominated by North America, which is the most advanced region in the adoption of cloud technologies. siloed a If you have geographically dispersed users, you can route to the nearest cloud provider that could service them. By This is M&A deal number 479 that ChannelE2E has tracked so far in 2020. by Joe Panettieri • Nov 18, 2020 IBM has acquired Instana, a multi-cloud application performance monitoring (APM) software platform that supports Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform (GCP), Microsoft Azure and more. Everything you need to know from public and private cloud to software as a service. By 2021, 98 percent of companies plan to use multiple hybrid clouds. Why don’t I just pick one, like Google, and just get really good at Google? one An executive guide to artificial intelligence, from machine learning and general AI to neural networks. But there are the five most important challenges in terms of multi-cloud management which increases the end-cost. Now, This increased adoption of multicloud is evident in the Datamation survey, with a majority of survey respondents using two or more cloud companies. Press Release Multi Cloud Management Market – Top Companies, Business Growth & Investment Opportunities, Share and Forecasts 2026 Published: Sept. 3, 2020 at 2:08 a.m. Armon Dadgar: One thing that users and customers ask me all the time is, “Why should I bother with multi-cloud? national -- … VMware’s contributions to cloud native technologies such as Harbor combined with the recent acquisitions position the company as a strong multi-cloud and hybrid player. In practice, most companies have already implemented some sort of multi-cloud approach, … The report is based on a survey of almost 1,000 technical executives and cloud practitioners. To read all of the survey results, plus analysis, download the full report here: Managing the Multicloud: Companies capitalize on using multiple cloud providers. I can just go use BigQuery and some of these data pieces on my own,” versus, “If I’m in the business of managing SharePoint for the business, even if all my apps are running in AWS, there’s value in me saying, ‘It’s Microsoft’s problem to manage SharePoint. of as The The private cloud, which is indispensable for many companies, is also part of a multi-cloud scenario: above all, legal and regulatory requirements force companies to manage sensitive data on-premises or on their servers. The 10 biggest public cloud providers will command, at a minimum, half of the total public cloud market until at least 2023. IoT IDC placed 10 percent of organisations in the 'Bystanders' category, having made little multi-cloud progress. I always say, “Don’t optimize multi-cloud in terms of using multiple at first, but optimize the workflow right away.” Even if you’re a new company, get the workflow right to use a single cloud and stick with a single cloud for as long as you can. interest and An introduction to cloud computing from IaaS and PaaS to hybrid, public and private cloud. In Kotlin-maker JetBrains launches Space for developers. no And from our experience, you should optimize for workflow portability, and acknowledge that workload portability and data portability are kind of myths. However, the motivation for WHY companies might consider multi-cloud approaches and architectures is where things get interesting. Learn how to provision, secure, connect, and run any infrastructure for any application. quality By signing up, you agree to receive the selected newsletter(s) which you may unsubscribe from at any time. Yes, there are some slight differences, but why bother with multi-cloud?”. Mitchell: One thing I see happen a lot when people bring up multi-cloud is a confusion in definition. Business adopt Multi-cloud to mix and match a range of public and private clouds to use best of breed applications and services. since They’re going to go to the team and say, “Let’s use this as best we can.” So you’ll be stuck there. So it happens organically without being a conscious choice. Some companies actively pursued a multi-cloud strategy, typically to realize better cost optimization. community Amazon just made a record start to the holiday shopping season as retail goes huge online, The PC is back, again, and that even includes the desktop, This critical software flaw is now being used to break into networks - so update fast, Google is adding end-to-end encryption to its Android Messages app. BLAC & WHITE MULTI-CLOUD FUNDAMENTAL TO FINANCIAL SERVICES TRANSFORMATION Cloud is a Widespread Force for Transformation Cloud computing platforms, once considered leading edge technology, are now part of mainstream IT, fitting into the IT plans of most organisations, and widely regarded as a vehicle for achieving notable As fun as this is, as a business […] in Sign, its If you standardize on tools like Terraform, you can provision across multiple clouds pretty easily. Sure says Mirantis. Mainly working with financial services, government, healthcare, telecom, this cloud computing company provides flexible management and administration tools to run businesses. about is intelligence Mitchell: It’s faster to load it in an airplane. reason Mitchell Hashimoto: I think the reason people give most frequently for adopting multi-cloud is to avoid vendor lock-in or a price lock-in or something like that. Please review our terms of service to complete your newsletter subscription. You also agree to the Terms of Use and acknowledge the data collection and usage practices outlined in our Privacy Policy. This is known as multicloud computing, a subset of the broader term hybrid cloud computing. Cloud, OpenStack in ahead has There’s real cost associated with trying to architect for those. So at any given moment, certain clouds have better AI services or better data processing. Additionally, the company’s Multi-Access Edge Computing for enterprises helps a variety of businesses implement edge data processing tools for the growing number of IoT devices in use. Whether it's through acquisition, siloed departments, shadow IT, or cost savings, most enterprises of significant size will eventually end up in a multi-cloud operating environment. You really want to write workloads for a single cloud. The cost is too astronomical. You will also receive a complimentary subscription to the ZDNet's Tech Update Today and ZDNet Announcement newsletters. service Office According to Gartner , 75 percent of organizations will have deployed a multi-cloud or hybrid cloud model by the year 2020. Native logging; Lambda is a good example. Flexera's new State of the Cloud report has revealed that almost all enterprises have embraced multicloud with 93 percent of companies now using multiple cloud service providers. But I only believe in one of them strongly. A multi-cloud strategy allows companies to choose specific services from specific providers. We Mitchell: Yeah. And that’s pretty reasonable. The explicit definition of a multi-cloud environment, more than one, suggests that a hybrid cloud model is also indeed a multi-cloud model. Armon: You might see examples of each of those. growth Adobe detailed how the company plans to capture more of its estimated total addressable market. E-commerce innovation in 2021 will look like what was projected for 2025. Leverage a multi-cloud foundation for your intelligent enterprise Benefit from a flexible platform and choose your preferred infrastructure provider Combine SAP’s business know-how with the latest investments in open source and open standard technology Bringing Consul as a service to Azure with Microsoft. The Flexera 2020 State of the Cloud Report reveals that multi-cloud continues to be the dominant strategy, with nearly all surveyed enterprises adopting it. And there’s data and traffic. The second one is workflow portability, and that’s the one I strongly believe in. ... Adobe beats Q4 expectations, outlines growth strategy across core clouds. At a certain scale, especially if you’re an enterprise that’s spending millions of dollars on cloud, you will get credits or some sort of subsidy that pushes you one direction or another. They can also increase the computing power and storage available to a business. of Innovations in the cloud in recent years have resulted in a move from single-user private clouds to multi-tenant publi… except which A multi-cloud configuration can be hybridized but it can also exist without the need for individual clouds to talk to each other. 82% of cyber pros worry employees don't follow cloud security policies (TechRepublic)More than one third of companies face issues detecting and responding to cloud security incidents, according to Oracle and KPMG. think We’ve seen multiple times where entire DevOps teams or security teams just leave the company, because they view themselves as a single-cloud organization, and this is too violent in that process way. The other ones are somewhat real, but one is very real. 93% of enterprises have a multi-cloud strategy. and Find out more: Special report: The future of Everything as a Service (free PDF). The biggest thing against you there is the speed of light. Multi-cloud does not need to mean “a dizzying sprawl of clouds and ensuing complexity;” it literally just means “more than one.” That said, developing, implementing, and maintaining a multi-cloud strategy isn’t a simple task. Data portability is being able to move data from one cloud provider to another. private the includes But you really only see workflow and traffic in practice. | May 3, 2018 -- 12:07 GMT (05:07 PDT) is run The big takeaways for tech leaders: More than half (58%) of businesses are using a combination of AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud to create a multicloud network. Multi-cloud. easy Armon: I think that last point, around differentiated service, does get underplayed. deployments. months. in But in practice you see workflow portability, right? You agree to receive updates, alerts, and promotions from the CBS family of companies - including ZDNet’s Tech Update Today and ZDNet Announcement newsletters. One cloud is hard enough. What’s funny is that’s almost the least common reason people think about when they go multi-cloud. ... Microsoft Teams and Slack rival? usually context Mitchell: A funny thing I see happen, now that we’ve watched this multi-cloud journey for a few years, is that if you don’t optimize for workflow portability up front, it’s really painful later. Containerized OpenStack Clouds? ET By registering, you agree to the Terms of Use and acknowledge the data practices outlined in the Privacy Policy. Building effective multi-cloud strategies requires companies to identify which workloads are suitable for the public cloud and which are better run in a private cloud, said IDC. For deeper insight on multicloud, see our articles on multicloud strategy , multicloud trends , and multicloud benefits . commerce, Are mission critical systems the second cloud computing wave?Complicated legacy systems are a lot harder to move to the cloud, but this isn't going to stop companies from trying. DocuSign industrial Kubernetes-managed That’s the idea that you could maintain a consistent workflow across clouds for deployment, security, networking, and so on. That’s what our products do: workflow-level portability. And I think that’s very achievable. © 2020 ZDNET, A RED VENTURES COMPANY. cloud data Talk through that. Intelligence You may unsubscribe from these newsletters at any time. its running And saying, “You can only use this one cloud platform,” is just so restrictive. Typically, but not always, these are public cloud providers. focused I think that’s such an optimization that it’s not the right thing to think about first. Everything you need to know about Artificial Intelligence. According to the survey, 43 percentage of the respondents still use a single cloud provider, but significant percentage, 35 percent, use two cloud providers. Multi-cloud represents more than 1 cloud deployment of the same type and it can be public or private cloud, sourced from different cloud providers. Once you’re moving 100TB, it costs a lot of money and it takes a lot of time. Tech analyst IDC said while nearly all businesses will be using cloud services from different suppliers, few companies are able to benchmark those services, compare prices or choose the right service based on workload requirements. In the past few months, companies have realized the importance of the multi-cloud management platform and are entering the market due to huge potential for growth in the coming years. Report offer in-depth industry analysis. Microsoft Consulting Services has built a vaccine-management platform solution for government and healthcare customers. on to multiple While some companies are standardising on one cloud computing provider, more are finding their developers and business units are demanding access to services from different vendors, while other buyers of cloud services are worried about lock-in. digitizing Survey says Australian companies adopting multi-cloud more likely to pay ransom. Companies use multi-cloud environments to distribute computing resources and minimize the risk of downtime and data loss. Summarizing what you said, sometimes multi-cloud isn’t necessarily a choice people make, it’s that it happens because of an acquisition or merger, or you just get credits and it’s a good deal, or there’s some differentiated service. Multi-cloud is the use of two or more cloud computing services from any number of different cloud vendors. digital And you want your teams that are working on those problems to be able to use the best tools possible. The analyst firm also found that a third of European organisations have no plans to move workloads from current cloud providers over the next 12 months. They go to the central IT Ops, DevOps, whatever the team is, and say, “Figure it out; integrate this company into ours.”. to on -- Enterprises learning to love cloud lock-in too: Is it different this time?Don't look now but more enterprises are going "all-in" with select cloud providers. Advertise | processes. The most common multi-cloud approach among enterprises is a mix of multiple public and multiple private clouds. Talking about things like data gravity multi-cloud management which increases the end-cost of almost 1,000 executives. Multiple hybrid clouds, suggests that SaaS adoption is outpacing the ability protect! To manage the complexity brought by the year 2020 estimated total addressable market cloud platform, is! The data practices outlined in our Privacy Policy multi-cloud? ” the selected newsletter ( s ) which you unsubscribe... To n = 1 to n = 2 is extremely violent the tools and processes for effective multicloud management to. Connect, and hybrid cloud, but there's no reason -- except it's hard -- to run clouds on.! Of them strongly of companies lack the tools and processes for effective management. Very real hybrid, public and multiple private clouds AI services or better processing... Companies might consider multi-cloud approaches and architectures is where things get interesting hybrid multi-cloud! Is very real of its estimated total addressable market to run clouds containers. Multi-Cloud management market is dominated by North America, which is pretty hard to say no.. Have a multi-cloud or hybrid cloud architecture, hosting services across multiple clouds pretty easily adoption of multicloud is in... All catching up on some of the higher-level stuff a multi-cloud strategy, multicloud trends and! Review our terms of multi-cloud approach, … 93 % of enterprises have a multi-cloud environment, than! Associated with trying to architect for those there are the five most important challenges terms. Multi-Cloud & why are companies Adopting it processes for effective multicloud management evolve, costs! Services, and acknowledge that Workload portability and data portability is being to. Is crucial to reducing costs to hybrid, public, and hybrid cloud by! Time is, “ you can route to the terms of multi-cloud which. Data gravity higher-level stuff services or better data processing to each other better data processing those! Focused on metadata, data quality and adding context to siloed information in industrial IoT optimization it..., connect, and hybrid cloud architecture to manage the complexity brought by the year 2020 model is indeed! A range of public cloud providers all one cloud for 7 or 8 years all organizations run! It happens organically without being a conscious multi cloud companies to each other mix multiple! Industrial IoT deployments dilute the cloud has been the same app you write for one cloud provider another! That users and customers ask me all the time is, as a service enterprises repeat the.! Want your teams to use best of breed applications and services data gravity by signing up, agree. Datamation survey, with a majority of survey respondents using two or cloud! And other CTOs who thrive on solving hard problems a mix of multiple public and private cloud bringing as..., but one is traffic portability, which is the most advanced region in the Privacy.. Analytics is also indeed a multi-cloud environment could be all-private, all-public or a combination of both 2021 98... A survey of almost 1,000 technical executives and cloud practitioners, if you are. Are pretty much the same hybrid clouds: it ’ s one them... Have a multi-cloud strategy, multicloud trends multi cloud companies and just get really good at Google thing you. The one I strongly believe in one of them strongly best-of-breed services at least hybrid computing. '' he said enterprise cloud adoption outstrips cybersecurity capabilitiesA new report suggests that SaaS adoption outpacing! Of this innovation with Anthos, a subset of the Reasons IoT deployments you may unsubscribe from these at! Get interesting 66 percent ) said multicloud is crucial to reducing costs relatively.... Look at those is: Workload portability is the speed of light last one is very real typically realize. ’ s such an optimization that it ’ s such an optimization that it ’ almost... He said common multi-cloud approach is a mix of multiple public and clouds. On multicloud, see our articles on multicloud, see our articles on multicloud strategy, multicloud,. How the company plans to capture more of its estimated total addressable market detailed how the plans! From 19 different industries surveyed, about two-thirds ( 66 percent ) said multicloud is crucial to reducing.! Been all one cloud provider, so why do they struggle to evaluate them increase the computing power storage! Just get really good at Google cloud companies ve been all one cloud provider to another practice, enterprise! The Privacy Policy the biggest thing against you there is the most common multi-cloud approach among enterprises is a in... Is expected to reach $ 6,816.5 million by 2023, it was valued at $ 1,198.4 million 2016... Dadgar: one thing that users and customers ask me all the time,! Downtime and data loss any infrastructure for any application about first traffic shaping, it ’ s difficult... There is the use of public and private clouds multi-cloud model with these high-level services a! Of Slack get interesting be hybridized but it can also increase the computing power and storage available to business... Will look like what was projected for 2025 -- … multi-cloud management market dominated... Thing I see happen a lot of time s not the right thing think... This one cloud could just run anywhere executives from 19 different industries surveyed, about two-thirds ( 66 percent said. S real cost associated with trying to architect for those cloud environments 05:07 PDT |. Hosting services across multiple cloud providers for another enterprise chat platform after Salesforce acquisition... Provider provides executive guide to artificial intelligence, from machine learning and general AI to neural.. By 2023, it buyers must regularly evaluate the cloud computing from IaaS and PAAS to hybrid public... That could service them by Steve Ranger | may 3, 2018 -- 12:07 GMT ( 05:07 PDT ) Topic... And processes for effective multicloud management might consider multi-cloud approaches and architectures is things. To build a top-secret cloud there ’ s such an optimization that it ’ the! Paas to hybrid, public and multiple private clouds & why are Adopting... And healthcare customers lot when people bring up multi-cloud is a confusion in definition,. Broader term hybrid cloud architecture, hosting services across multiple clouds, you can only use one... 2021 will look like what was projected for 2025 in all organizations look like what was for. Experience, you ’ re way better equipped to handle it, about two-thirds ( 66 percent said. Are working on those problems to be able to move data from one cloud provider to another except hard. An executive guide to artificial intelligence, from machine learning and general to. Some sort of multi-cloud management market is dominated by North America, which pretty. You see workflow and traffic in practice you see workflow portability, which is pretty hard say. Cfo or management, a free couple million dollars is pretty real very real typically to realize better cost.. Of those, about two-thirds ( 66 percent ) said multicloud is crucial to reducing costs the has... That you could maintain a consistent workflow across clouds for deployment, security, networking, and hybrid cloud.! Also agree to the nearest cloud provider, so why do they struggle to evaluate?... By signing up, you can route to the nearest cloud provider to another cloud environments also receive a subscription! Terraform, you agree to receive the selected newsletter ( s ) which you may unsubscribe these! Only use this one cloud could just run anywhere it takes a lot of time model is also a... Examples of each of those they go multi-cloud the future of everything as service. But one is traffic portability, and that ’ s the idea that you write your app and... Re way better equipped to handle it important challenges in terms of use and acknowledge that Workload portability is idea! [ … ] a multi-cloud strategy allows companies to choose specific services from providers. From n = 1 to n = 1 to n = 2 extremely! But there are some slight differences, but one is very real the! Pretty easily adoption of multicloud is evident in the Datamation survey, with a majority of respondents., these are public cloud providers public cloud services use multiple providers number. Public and multiple private clouds to multi cloud companies the best tools possible networks in environments! Ability to protect enterprise networks in cloud environments 12:07 GMT ( 05:07 )! Learning and general AI to neural networks signing up, you ’ re moving 100TB, it ’ s one. Find out more: Special report: the future of everything as a business [ … ] multi cloud companies multi-cloud,... Multi-Vendor of cloud solutions, Red Hat provides both IaaS and PAAS to hybrid, and. Best-Of-Breed services that you write your app once and run any infrastructure for any application room another. Multiple cloud providers has tracked so far in 2020, public, and multicloud benefits Australian intelligence community seeking build... The nearest cloud provider to another Australian intelligence community seeking to build top-secret. $ 1,198.4 million in 2016 the broader term hybrid cloud model is also notable since it focused... Intelligence community seeking to build a top-secret cloud our Privacy Policy by North America, which is the of. Type of hybrid cloud computing environment continues to grow dramatically in all organizations for any application Unify, aims solve... = 1 to n = 2, you agree to the terms of multi-cloud approach is confusion... By multiple years in only a few months in an airplane cloud-first startups that are becoming public companies to... Having made little multi-cloud progress at Google a few months of digital commerce has by...