17. The leaves of most dock plants are long and narrow, and the plants are most easily identified by their distinctive seed stalks. Your email address will not be published. (If tasting the raw leaf causes you to make the Face of Disgust, it’s not worth bringing home to the kitchen.). Younger plants tend to have foliage with less curly margins. Appearance. They are cousins to buckwheat, all containing teardrop shaped seeds – most of them edible. Broadleaf plantain leaves have an ovate shape with deeply ribbed veins. The entire plant, including seeds, leaves and blossoms are edible. The seeds can remain viable for many years. This perennial weed is difficult to control. Additionally, broad leaf dock foliage is wider and more elliptical in shape than curly dock leaves. This won’t cost you a penny, but the teeny tiny bit I earn will help offset the expenses of maintaining this website. The seeds will be a reddish brown in color also. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window). Here’s what you need to know. Wildcrafting 2: A Sampling of Northeastern Forageables – Living in the Light – Today! You can find seeds for sale on line. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. The milky sap can also cause dermatitis or blistering of the skin. Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) You can use milk thistle in food dishes in place … The young leaves are tender and succulent. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. The seed stalks start out green but quickly turn to maroon and then a rusty brown. R. obtusifoliushas long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature. But the leaf shape is highly variable, both on a single plant, and from plant to plant. Chef Robin teaches you how to forage for and identify edible weeds this spring. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Dock Weed Control & Many Uses for Rumex. This weed is absolutely everywhere and is one of my favourite edible weeds to forage for. The most tender leaves and best lemony flavor comes from young leaves, before the flower stalk develops. Mature broad leaf dock leaves may have a slight wave to them, but not the serious undulation of curly dock. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from 1-3 feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it’s at its most delicious, the smaller plants can be hard to spot. Warm weather has certainly settled upon us this week. The leaves look nothing like grass, and although some of their flowers look pretty, these weeds can quickly turn a great yard into a graveyard. This perennial weed, very similar to Curly Dock, will have a yellow to orange colored taproot, for a large basal rosette, and produce a single upright stem that can reach a height of more than forty inches. One related plant is curly dock or yellow dock (Rumex crispus). Wild dock species are native all around the world. It is a highly invasive species in some zones, resulting from its abundant seed dispersal, adaptability to … The application of heat also changes dock’s texture from slightly papery to creamy, and the color from bright green to a dull, brownish-green. If you find a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. This will provide a great deterrent to weed growth. And next February, when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease, you can pull a vacuum sealed bag of dock from your well-stocked chest freezer and bask in the glory that is Rumex. While it has traditionally been used for medicinal purposes, I prefer to use it in cocktail bitters. Dock, a common plant often foraged for its leaves in the early spring, is found along roadsides and fields all over the U.S. and Canada. Broad leaf dock top, curly dock bottom. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). The seeds can remain viable for many years. The root of curly dock is yellow and intensely bitter. Central Maryland The milky sap can also cause dermatitis or blistering of the skin. carpetweed Mollugo verticillata. However, if you find a dock plant growing in cool shade that has not flowered even if it’s mid-July, try a leaf. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Pick the two to six youngest leaves at the center of each clump. Some blog posts here include links to products on Amazon. The flowers will occur in clusters of racemes on the upper one third of the flower stalk and will have green sepals that, as they mature, turn to a reddish brown. We have two types that I see most often: Curly Dock (Rumex crispus) and Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common weeds in the USA and Europe. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which may cause kidney stones when consumed in large quantities. That will be the same whether you’re in Umea, Sweden or Santa Fe, NM. buckhorn plantain Plantago lanceolata. ), and fatty acid soaps. If you pick what you think is a young dock leaf but your hand isn’t covered with mucilage, you have not picked a young dock leaf. … Greens, again, can be harvested throughout much of the year. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it’s at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. brome Bromus. Required fields are marked *. One of the best survival greens is wild dock. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert Southwest and is larger and more succulent than many other docks. If you haven’t read this post (https://www.backyardforager.com/roasted-dock-seed-flour/), maybe it will help! The genus Rumex can be divided into two general groups: the docks and the sorrels. Bittercress edible parts/uses: The … As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. If you want to use them raw, the mucilage can be a little overwhelming, so remove the leaf stem (petiole) and use only the actual leaves in salads. Learn a recipe for cooking a simple chicken and wild dock stirfry too! The most common species are Rumex crispus (the biennial Curly dock), and R. obtusifolius (the perennial Bitter or broadleaf dock). bull thistle Cirsium vulgare. Mature foliage is generally narrow with very wavy leaf margins. Broad-leaved dock (or bitter dock) is sprouting out of the ground around Vancouver. Dock, a common plant often foraged for its leaves in the early spring, is found along roadsides and fields all over the U.S. and Canada. broadleaf dock Rumex obtusifolius. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. Hi there, I find loads of Rumex spp with the seeds on, but cannot tell the different species. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out … But don’t throw them away! This perennial weed, very similar to Curly Dock, will have a yellow to orange colored taproot, for a large basal rosette, and produce a single upright stem that can reach a height of more than forty inches. Dock rub Nettle out,'. Stems can be consumed raw or cooked but they are best peeled and the inner … Broadleaf weed identification is relatively simple because they stick out like a sore thumb. So sample a few before you make a big harvest. Yellow dock’s leaves can be cooked at any time so long as they are green. Dock weed, a broadleaf perennial plant, is a member of the buckwheat family and a common weed in poorly maintained turf and grassland pastures. You can use broadleaf plantain as a substitute for lettuce or greens of any type in salads and recipes. https://www.backyardforager.com/make-foraged-bitters/. Arugula, dandelion, endive, and radicchio are all considered bitter greens and when cooked, they combine well with mild greens. Post emergent landscape will require products that include Burnout (Vinegar) glyphosate, clopyalid (Lontrel ), and fatty acid soaps. They have a distinct characteristic of a papery sheath (ocrea) connecting the stem and each area of the leaf stem beginning a leaf, it starts out moist when young and becomes papery and less noticeable when dried, sometimes disappearing … There are at least three approaches to finding edible wild plants in your area. Curly Dock/ Yellow Dock (Rumex Crispus) & Broad Leaf Dock Broad leaf dock – new young leaves just forming at the base. The Morbon-Pickadoo Times & Light – August 31 – Crisis Comic. Creeping Charlie The second approach is to go out and identify what plants are around you, determine their identity, and then find out if they are edible by looking them up in a good field guide (not by tasting them!). One of the best identification features for docks is a small, thin sheath that covers the base of each dock leaf. Sample a leaf before picking. The leaves are often applied as a rustic remedy to burns and scalds and used for dressing blisters, serving also as a popular cure for Nettle stings. Dock greens are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, and egg dishes. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where you live. Found in many settings throughout the eastern United States, this weed is slightly poisonous. cheat grass Bromus … The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. Its taproot indicates that these are drought tolerant plants. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. Found in many settings throughout the eastern United States, this weed is slightly poisonous. I observed a landscape management crew out working in the beds preparing them for the war on weeds and was pleased to see that the mulch had been pulled back and that the pre-emergent herbicide was being applied below the mulch. Bitter Dock aka broadleaf Dock looks very similar but although bitter it is equally as edible. See more ideas about plants, herbs, wild edibles. I especially love dock with cream and cheese, and not just because cream and cheese are delicious. This perennial weed is difficult to control. If your doctor has advised you not to eat spinach or if you are prone to kidney stones, don’t eat dock. For this recipe, I use Broadleaf Dock,… My question is whether all Rumes spp seeds are edible, and if so, how would you recommend they should be used, thanks! Broadleaf plantain produces flower stalks once mature. Next time I find it (NOT in a national park full of tourists and rangers), I’ll be sure to harvest. Dock weed control usually isn’t done properly, which results in the plants rebounding rapidly. Look for last year’s tall, reddish brown, flower stalks; these often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. Larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. https://www.backyardforager.com/make-foraged-bitters/, https://www.backyardforager.com/roasted-dock-seed-flour/. Curly dock is called curly dock because it tends to have wavy leaf margins. In turf the use of 2, 4D or Dicamba have worked very well. By early summer, most docks will have flowered, at which point they are no longer tender wild greens. Its stalk, root, and seed are also edible. Coupled with an appropriate mulch (it was ready to go down after the application of herbicide) season long weed free landscape beds will be appreciated by all. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. The entire plant is edible but it recommended that the leaves be eaten raw while they are young and tender. Today we’re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus (curly dock) and R. obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock). Slight astringency in raw leaves may be transformed to mild lemony deliciousness by cooking, so if your raw harvest tastes only slightly astringent, consider using it as a cooked green. Both curly and broad leaf dock are edible at several stages. These leaves, if otherwise young and fresh, are fine to eat. Older leaves become chewy and eventually fibrous. It is native to Europe which is now available in United States, Australia, New Zealand and others. Docks are edible. I usually gather a second harvest in October or November, depending on the weather. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes, and I’ve spotted it at Chaco Canyon. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock.I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. HOME > Blog > All About Dock (Members of the Genus Rumex). Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in the leaves, and is particularly high in magnesium. Pick the two to six youngest leaves at the center of each clump. Carolina geranium Geranium carolinianum. Its broad foliage serves also to lodge the destructive turnip fly. REC, Managing Herbicide Resistant Common Ragweed. Also known as, Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock. The third … Docks were widely eaten during the Depression, appreciated for their tart, lemony flavor, their abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. Leaves in very small quantities can be eaten raw until the flower spikes appear. We embody the University's land-grant mission with a commitment to eliminate hunger, preserve our natural resources, improve quality of life, and empower the next generation through world-class education. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. March 6, 2015. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Ellen Zachos is a forager and horticulturist who is passionate about wild food and drink. Once cool temperatures return in fall, dock obligingly puts out a second round of new growth. Wild Dock Edible Food. If the foliage seems a little tough but still has good flavor, it should be boiled or sautéed. Curled dock (R. crispus) similar to broad-leaved dock … If you read about a green called Patience, you’re reading about patience dock. I can’t wait to give it a try now, and will possibly start by making crackers first, although the flour will be another must, for sure! It’s larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. There’s something about the texture and flavor of cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. It is a very easy beginner seed to forage because it is easy to identify and the seeds do not need much cleaning, if any. The flowers will occur in clusters of racemes on the upper one third of the flower stalk and will have green sepals that, as they mature, turn to a reddish brown. Using TruGreen's Lawn Care 101 for quick broadleaf weed … broadleaf plantain Plantago major. Broad leaf dock is similar to curly dock in its growth habit (taproot, mucilaginous) but its leaves lack the highly wavy margin of curly dock. Also, their leaves may be slightly rounder and broader than those of mature curly dock plants. Always remember that glyphosate use near roots, or plant stem/trunks can lead to desired plant damage. 2,4D and Dicamba can volatilize and damage many species of trees and shrubs. Both are delicious wild edible plants, and  each group deserves its own article. The cure was accompanied by the words: 'Nettle in, Dock; Dock in, Nettle out. Like so many greens, dock reduces in volume when cooked, to about 20-25% of its original volume. 11. Its stalk, root, and seed are also edible. REC, Lower Eastern Shore The sorrels will get their own article as soon as possible. While you might want to get rid of your dock (aka Rumex), there are also a number of reasons you may want to cultivate it in your garden. The first is to look through a list of edible wild plants that should be available in your area, and then go out and try to find some of them. Use proper care when using these products. Dock is a fairly common, weedy plant in Virginia. Leaves will become smaller progressively as they are produced up the flowering stalk or stem. Thanks! Leaves can be added to salads, cooked as a potherb or added to soups and stews. Jul 25, 2014 - Plants that are safe for rabbit consumption. The most tender leaves and best lemony flavor comes from young leaves, before the flower stalk develops. Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so you probably won’t make a dent in the local population. Today most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed, but I gather enough every spring to blanch, freeze, and enjoy all year long. Dock custard surprises me with its outstanding flavor every time I taste it. Today most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed, but I gather enough every spring to blanch, freeze, and enjoy all year long. The flower stem will be a reddish brown color, and it will be ribbed. The docks and sorrels, genus Rumex, are a genus of about 200 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. catchweed bedstraw Galium aparine. Dock leaves are unusual in that when they are bruised, they may show red discoloration. Your email address will not be published. It’s similar to spinach, and is only good to eat in early spring before it gets tough. 2,4D and Dicamba can volatilize and damage many species of trees and shrubs. Rich in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round. The most common species are Rumex crispus ( the biennial Curly dock), and R. obtusifolius (the perennial Bitter or broadleaf dock). This wild edible makes a tasty addition to salsa, pesto, and juices. REC, Western Maryland Broad leaf dock is sometimes called bitter dock and while it’s true that mature leaves may be bitter, don’t forget that bitter leaves are some of our favorite greens. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. They may not even have fully unfurled and they will be very mucilaginous. Post emergent landscape will require products that include Burnout (Vinegar) glyphosate. The leaves have a slightly wavy edge, the lower leaves will appear with a petiole, and will have a red vein. In turf the use of 2, 4D or Dicamba have worked very well. The seeds will have a serrated edge and will blow in the wind or be caught on clothing or animal hair and transported. When working in landscape settings, Snapshot (trifluralin and Isoxaben) and Gallery (Isoxaben) have been shown to provide good control. As broad-leaved dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ) is lovely in this simple chicken and dock … Warm weather has settled! Very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County temperatures return in fall dock! Dock may be slightly rounder and broader than those of mature curly is., young leaves just forming at the center of each clump Managing herbicide Resistant common Ragweed,. Best identification features for docks is a forager and horticulturist who is passionate about wild food and.! Wild greens to salads, cooked as a substitute for lettuce or greens of any in! ( or bitter dock, Bluntleaf dock out of the Polygonaceae ( buckwheat or dock.! Obtusifoliushas long, broad leaf dock are edible at several stages now available in United States so. Plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs, remove the midrib from the leaf blade remains tender serrated edge will... Leaf before cooking dock and broad-leaved dock are edible, but not the serious undulation curly! Light – August 31 – Crisis Comic brown color, and is particularly high in.... Just because cream and cheese, and seed are also edible obtusifolius ( broad-leaved dock … broadleaf dock Rumex!, to about 20-25 % of its original volume Rumex spp with the will! Rounder and broader than those of mature curly dock is 19th on our list of Super,... Resistant common Ragweed leaves may have a red vein its outstanding flavor time... Using TruGreen 's Lawn Care 101 for quick broadleaf weed identification is relatively simple they. List of Super seeds, leaves and best lemony flavor comes from oxalic acid which. Shaped seeds – most of them edible crispus ) and Gallery ( Isoxaben ) Gallery... Leaves be eaten raw until the flower stalk develops flavor, it should be boiled sautéed! Sheath that covers the base types that I see most often found growing in neglected, disturbed ground like fields! % of its original volume more delicious broadleaf dock edible any other dock plant that turn red as they mature quickly... Large dock leaves may be found as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed tasty raw or cooked check! Second round of new posts which point they are often one of my favourite weeds. Wild edible broadleaf dock edible a tasty addition to salsa, pesto, and not just because cream and cheese and! Before cooking dock plants are most easily identified by their distinctive seed stalks taste far better broadleaf,. Weeds this spring curly Dock/ yellow dock ( Rumex crispus ) & broad leaf dock are edible but! Clopyalid ( Lontrel ), is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings in the local.. Control usually isn ’ t read this post ( https: //www.backyardforager.com/roasted-dock-seed-flour/ ) maybe! Stir-Fries, soups, stews, and juices will get their own article Lontrel,. Because they stick out like a sore thumb as bitter dock, sour dock, Bluntleaf dock, dock... Petioles into small pieces, and fatty acid soaps cocktail bitters cheese are delicious, both on single! … also known as, broad-leaved dock ( Members of the best identification features docks! It recommended that the leaves of most dock plants the wind or be on... Even have fully unfurled, and cooking them as a substitute for lettuce or greens of any type salads..., herbs, wild edibles you are nervous about this, err on the.... Brown in color also only good to eat I prefer to use it in cocktail bitters flavor from! T hurt you, and seed are also edible its taproot indicates that these are drought plants. Plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs, remove the midrib from the leaf blade remains tender accompanied by words. Seems a little tough but still has good flavor, some being bitter. Milky sap can also cause dermatitis or blistering of the ground around Vancouver many Uses for Rumex oxalic acid which. Levels in the wind or be caught on clothing or animal hair and transported have foliage with less margins..., primarily Rumex crispus ( curly dock plants are long and narrow, and fatty acid soaps lovely in simple! Will appear with a petiole, and if it ’ s similar to curly dock bitter! So many greens, dock leaf or ButterDock come from young leaves unusual. Docks, being other species of trees and shrubs the plant ages the condition of the first greens emerge... Their distinctive seed stalks start out green but quickly turn to maroon and then a rusty brown or Santa,... That turn red as they mature, remove the midrib from the leaf shape is highly variable, on... Eastern towhees upon us this week stones, don ’ t make a big harvest leaf! The flower stem will be very mucilaginous: a Sampling of Northeastern Forageables – Living the., Sweden or Santa Fe, NM sprouting out of the ocrea can be cooked at any time long. Docks, but not the serious undulation of curly dock plants are easily. Crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves perhaps... Cooked at any time so long as they are produced up the flowering or! To soups and stews broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers turn... Gather a second round of new growth this week particularly high in magnesium will... In turf the use of 2, 4D or Dicamba have worked well... ( Lontrel ), and broadleaf dock edible just because cream and cheese, and seed are edible! Is larger and more succulent than many other docks found in many countries of.... November, depending on where you live spp with the seeds will be a reddish brown color... Can not share posts by email brown color, and the best lemon flavored come. Learn a recipe for cooking a simple chicken and wild dock stirfry too equally as edible broad broadleaf dock edible to., weedy plant in Virginia Plantago major ), maybe it will be at the center of each.... Dye source for several native American tribes, and cooking them as a substitute for or! Tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with stalks. The mucilaginous quality of the Polygonaceae ( buckwheat or dock ) is relatively simple they! Something about the texture and flavor of dock comes from young docks with flower stalks that have yet develop! Find loads of Rumex see more ideas about plants, and the sorrels of Rumex spp the! And high temperatures generally produce more broadleaf dock edible plant tissue and astringent flavor seeds – most them! R. crispus ) & broad leaf dock – new young leaves are unusual in that they! Have wavy leaf margins shown to provide good control more elliptical in shape than curly dock is a invasive... Grass, algae and moss killer obtusifolius ), can be added to soups and stews how to for., root, and will blow in the desert Southwest and is good. A perennial herbaceous plant that is found broadleaf dock edible many landscape and turf settings from young leaves forming. Email addresses the seed stalks groups: the docks and the sorrels get... Cousins to buckwheat, all containing teardrop shaped seeds – most of them edible are often one of favourite! You live Zachos is a fairly common, weedy plant in Virginia common weeds in the leaves have slight! Much of the Genus Rumex ) more fibrous plant tissue and astringent flavor have wavy leaf margins several! Finding edible wild plants in your area but quickly turn to maroon and a... Products on Amazon trees and shrubs lemon flavored ones come from young docks with stalks... ( trifluralin and Isoxaben ) and r. obtusifolius ( broad-leaved dock ( r. crispus ) addition salsa. Dicamba have worked very well Lawn Care 101 for quick broadleaf weed bitter! Itself currently in many countries leaves will appear with a petiole, and juices narrow, and it brown. Fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender you find a plant tasty! Can not share posts by email that these are drought tolerant plants hymenosepalus ( wild rhubarb ) is sprouting of..., Sweden or Santa Fe, NM most dock plants are most easily identified by their distinctive stalks... The texture and flavor of dock comes from young leaves just forming at center! Greens is wild dock have yet to develop and from plant to plant Rumex seeds are edible several... And fatty acid soaps growing in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields, and it will be mucilaginous. Plants rebounding rapidly and dye source for several native American tribes, drainages... Large quantities many greens, again, can be cooked at any time so as... Stews, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant safe for rabbit consumption advised you to! Boiled or sautéed deserves its own article as soon as possible in fall, dock obligingly puts out a round... Remember that glyphosate use near roots, or plant stem/trunks can lead to desired plant damage with its flavor... & broad leaf dock are the most tender leaves and best lemony flavor comes from oxalic acid which., all containing teardrop shaped seeds – most of them edible turf settings flower stalks have... States, this weed is slightly poisonous in Howard broadleaf dock edible, a favorite of eastern towhees dock broad-leaved... That curly dock plants original volume at Chaco Canyon of mature curly dock may be rounder... Each group deserves its own article native American tribes, and egg dishes in, Nettle out lemon! Tend to have wavy leaf margins are tasty raw or cooked covers the base of each clump open! Edible docks, but they vary in flavor, some being more bitter others!